ISSN NO. 2320 - 7418
GC-MS Analysis and Antimicrobial Activity of Sudanese Zea mays subsp. Mays (Gramineae ) Fixed Oil
Abdel Abdel Karim. M. , Fatima,M. and Ayat, A.
The present study was designed to investigate the chemical constituents of Sudanese Zea mays seed oil and to evaluate its potential antimicrobial activity. 20 components were detected by GC-MS analysis. Major constituents are: methyl 10-trans-12-cis-octadecadienoate (48.13%) , hexadecanoic acid( 21.60%),9-octadecenoic acid(17.01%), methyl stearate(5.99%) and methyl 18-methylnonadecanoate(2.17%). The antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated via cup plate agar diffusion assay against six standard human pathogens(Gram positive: Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis; Gram negative : Escherichia coli and Pseudomonasa aeruginosa and the fungi Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger) . Zea mays oil showed good activity against Staphylococcus aureus and the fungus Aspergillus niger.However , it was partially active against other test organisms except Bacillus subtilis.
Keywords: Zea mays, Fixed oil, GC-MS, Antimicrobial activity
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